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Letters to the Editor   |    
Issues in Estimating the Course of Rapid-Cycling Bipolar Disorder
RANJAN BHATTACHARYYA; MALAY KR GHOSHAL; DEBASISH SANYAL; PRATHAMA GUHA; SUDDHENDU CHAKRABORTY
Am J Psychiatry 2009;166:370-370. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08111640
An erratum to this article has been published | view the erratum

To the Editor: We found the article by Christopher D. Schneck, M.D. et al. (1), published in the March 2008 issue of the Journal, to be very informative and useful. The authors presented an excellent real-world naturalistic study, which is difficult to design with regard to methodology. However, we would like to present several inquiries regarding the method and interpretation of the study.

First, we noted that among those patients who completed 1 year of treatment (N=1,191), only 5% (N=58) had four or more episodes at the 1-year follow-up. However, the significant number of dropouts (N=551) may raise concerns, since most of the patients who discontinue therapy are rapid-cycling patients and it is possible that the actual number of these individuals in the study might have been greater than what was observed. It is also possible that the initially enrolled patients and informants could have displayed a recall bias (2), which is reflected by the initial high percentage of rapid-cycling patients. Therefore, at the end of 1 year, the reduction in the percentage of rapid-cycling patients might possibly have been overestimated as a result of these influences.

Second, we would like to suggest that there may have been an influence of comorbidities, such as substance abuse or general medical conditions, which can affect the course of bipolar disorder, including rapid cycling (3).

1.Schneck CD, Miklowitz DJ, Miyahara S, Araga M, Wisniewski S, Gyulai L, Allen MH, Thase ME, Sachs GS: The prospective course of rapid-cycling bipolar disorder: findings from the STEP-BD. Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:370–377
 
2.Neugebauer R, Ng S: Differential recall as a source of bias in epidemiologic research. J Clin Epidemiol 1990; 43:1337–1341
 
3.McElroy SL, Altshuler LL, Suppes T, Keck PE Jr, Frye MA, Denicoff KD, Nolen WA, Kupka RW, Leverich GS, Rochussen JR, Rush AJ, Post RM: Axis I psychiatric comorbidity and its relationship to historical illness variables in 288 patients with bipolar disorder. Am J Psychiatry 2001; 158:420–426
 
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References

+The authors report no competing interests.

+This letter (doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08111640) was accepted for publication in December 2008.

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References

1.Schneck CD, Miklowitz DJ, Miyahara S, Araga M, Wisniewski S, Gyulai L, Allen MH, Thase ME, Sachs GS: The prospective course of rapid-cycling bipolar disorder: findings from the STEP-BD. Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165:370–377
 
2.Neugebauer R, Ng S: Differential recall as a source of bias in epidemiologic research. J Clin Epidemiol 1990; 43:1337–1341
 
3.McElroy SL, Altshuler LL, Suppes T, Keck PE Jr, Frye MA, Denicoff KD, Nolen WA, Kupka RW, Leverich GS, Rochussen JR, Rush AJ, Post RM: Axis I psychiatric comorbidity and its relationship to historical illness variables in 288 patients with bipolar disorder. Am J Psychiatry 2001; 158:420–426
 
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