In Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness, sociologist Russell Schutt has written what must surely be the most thorough multimethod study yet to appear of efforts to help homeless people with serious mental illness reenter mainstream community living. The book is based on an 18-month randomized trial of two approaches conducted in the early 1990s by principal investigator Stephen Goldfinger, M.D., and a multidisciplinary team that included Schutt. The trial was modest in size, with just under 60 patients in each of two groups. All participants were guaranteed a housing subsidy that would support their exit from homelessness and give them a chance to move out of emergency shelter. One-half were assigned to live in independent living apartments. The other half moved to innovative evolving consumer households, in which a trained facilitator was instructed to guide on-site staff in promoting a sense of empowerment that would help residents create cohesive, mutually supportive communities that would eventually become self-sustaining without staff support after project funding ended. The bottom line of the experiment—as understood by this reviewer from the book and related publications—is that by traditional intention-to-treat analysis, there were few, if any, group differences, although the evolving consumer household group had fewer days of homelessness and substantially higher costs during the 18-month intervention (1, 2), while the independent living group had more days of independent housing after the intervention ended.