That the majority of our returned warriors are able to adjust to the often stressful demands of family, work, and community in civilian life without violent behavior is a testament to the character and resilience of the American service member. Within the incarcerated population, the calculated violent offender rate for veterans (338 prisoners per 100,000 veterans) is actually substantially lower than for nonveterans (595 prisoners per 100,000 nonveterans) (1). Yet many combat veterans are involved in one or more episodes of domestic or community interpersonal violence (2, 3). In this issue, Elbogen and colleagues (4) demonstrate the validity of a brief violence risk assessment tool that utilizes empirically derived questions designed specifically for military veterans. The instrument, the Violence Screening and Assessment of Needs (VIO-SCAN), queries for the presence of five factors associated with interpersonal violence in veterans: financial instability, combat experience (personally witnessed someone being seriously wounded or killed), alcohol misuse, history of violence or arrests, and probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with frequent anger outbursts (5–7). The tool was administered at baseline, and data on violent behaviors were collected 1 year later in each of two veteran samples returned from combat deployments to Afghanistan or Iraq. The first was a large random sample of 1,388 veterans from the National Post-Deployment Adjustment Survey of over 1 million Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans. The second was a self-selected sample of dyads consisting of veterans plus a family member or friend serving as a collateral informant, both of whom were evaluated in depth at the Durham VA Medical Center. In both samples, each baseline risk item was associated significantly with violence during the follow-up, and associations with severe violence during follow-up increased in a stepwise manner with the number of risk factors present at baseline.