Psychiatry today is firmly grounded in the neurosciences, such as the genetics, molecular biology, anatomy, and physiology of the brain. It is less aware of (and less grounded in) the significant advances in the cognitive sciences, such as attention, perception, and memory. Nevertheless, psychiatry has applied the cognitive sciences through its psychotherapeutic approaches, especially the cognitive/behavioral therapies. Yet the neurosciences and the cognitive sciences are now evolving into the "transdisciplinary" discipline of cognitive neuroscience. And the construct of transdisciplinary is critical to understanding this evolution. Rather than neuroscientists and cognitive scientists simply working in parallel or even working together on the same project (what we typically think of as interdisciplinary), a new "transdiscplinary" breed of scientists is emerging. This new breed of scientists tends to focus upon the extremities of the life cycle—childhood and late life—primarily because both cognitive and neuroanatomical/neurophysiological changes occur at a faster rate during these stages than during the majority of adulthood (and therefore can be effectively studied over a briefer interval). This discipline potentially could become a key basic science of geriatric psychiatry.