The second theme is the concept I have elsewhere styled "the phantoms of the courtroom" (2). This term means that the actual attorneys and judges are treated by the legal system as though they were invisible. That is, when a ruling comes down in the case of Smith v. Jones, the language is, "The court found that Jones failed to plead the proper argument" when what is meant is that a specific person, Judge Leonard Adversarian, decided that Mel Feasance, Jones’s lawyer, failed to do the proper thing. Jones himself would likely not know a proper argument if it bit him. But the judge and the attorney are concealed by "the court" and the named client.