Construction of meaning requires the use of metaphor. In contrast to any other species, only humans possess the capacity to use metaphor as a basic cognitive tool to generate meaning. The (unconscious) metaphoric process enables us to transfer meaning between dissimilar domains (by means of similarity). More precisely, metaphor (which finds its source originally in the body) provides the link between conscious experience and unconscious memory, leading to a recontextualization of memory with respect to present experience. In fact, metaphor is the interpreter of unconscious memory and thus an inevitable tool to interpret, displace, and transform our feelings. Against this background, Modell convincingly demonstrates that many of the most distinguished human facilities, including self-reflection, fantasy, imaginative anticipation of the future, intentionality, and the capacity to empathically anticipate another subject’s mind (theory of mind), critically rely on an unimpaired faculty for metaphoric thought.