At the 15-year follow-up evaluation, we found that 50% of the patients had a deficit syndrome according to the criteria proposed by Dr. Kirkpatrick et al. As did Dr. Kirkpatrick et al. (1), we used four definitions of summer birth: May to August (definition 1), June to August (definition 2), June to July (definition 3), and July to August (definition 4). We analyzed the association between each of the four definitions of summer birth and the deficit type of schizophrenia. Logistic regression analyses revealed that none of the four definitions was predictive for that type of schizophrenia. The odds ratios and confidence intervals (CIs) were as follows—definition 1: odds ratio=1.41, 95% CI=0.44–4.51 (Wald χ2=0.34, df=1, p=0.56); definition 2: odds ratio=1.99, 95% CI=0.51–7.71 (Wald χ2=0.99, df=1, p=0.32); definition 3: odds ratio=1.39, 95% CI=0.28–6.83 (Wald χ2=0.16, df=1, p=0.67); definition 4: odds ratio=1.81, 95% CI=0.38–8.38; (Wald χ2=0.57, df=1, p=0.45). These findings are comparable with those obtained in two independent previous studies by our research group (5, 6), neither of which could demonstrate that there is an association between summer birth and the deficit type of schizophrenia. In conclusion and with regard to the fact that the association between summer birth and the deficit type of schizophrenia has only been shown by the studies of one research group but was not shown by the present analyses or by other previous studies (2, 3), the evidence concerning this association is still far from definitive.