The volume presents the different treatment approaches and treatment guidelines for PTSD, including chapters on inpatient treatment, marital and family therapies, and psychosocial rehabilitation. Psychological debriefing is addressed thoughtfully, recognizing its substantial limitations, lack of empirical support, and strong clinical support. The role of psychological debriefing remains yet to be determined for early intervention following trauma exposure. As a minimum, however, it can be stated that it has not been empirically shown to be beneficial. In addressing the issues of debriefing, it will remain important to distinguish the contributions of debriefing to limiting disability and relieving pain from those of treatment of a psychiatric disorder. If a patient has broken his arm, we do not hesitate to provide a pain medication. Pain relief restores function and limits long-term disability. However, we do not confuse this with fixing the broken bone.