Parts 1 and 2 will probably be of interest to memory researchers and gerontologists, but less so to readers seeking more practical guidance. The authors of these chapters detail (with a fair amount of redundancy) several strategies employed to enhance memory in the normal elderly, which, if they work at all, rarely generalize beyond the specific conditions of practice. Furthermore, many of the studies used mnemonic techniques that were literally invented by the ancient Greek orators. These techniques require considerable practice to learn and a fair amount of cognitive capacity to deploy successfully. Not only do the elderly fail to make use of these procedures outside the laboratory, neither do the memory researchers themselves.