Peter Giovacchini has written a brilliant book that elaborates and highlights the area of narcissism not only in the patient but also in the therapist. Narcissism is a topic that has not gotten sufficient attention in dynamic psychotherapy, and this book fills that void. Giovacchini also traces the history of changes in psychoanalytic thinking from Freud to the present. Paradoxically, psychoanalytic thinking is a journey back in time as well, from Oedipus to Narcissus. The emphasis now is not on the Oedipus complex but on preoedipal development and the formation of psychic structure, especially self-representation. Giovacchini is critical of those classical analysts who idealized Freud and resisted any advancement in theory or technique. He briefly reviews the contributions of Melanie Klein, W.R.D. Fairbairn, Karen Horney, Erik Erikson, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Abram Kardiner, Franz Alexander, Otto Kernberg, and others. This provides a foundation for the rest of the book.