The 17 chapters address many subjects relevant to the course and care of the addictions: self-help groups, coerced treatment, case management, motivational interviewing, contingency contracting, pharmacotherapy strategies and agents, and the relative efficacy of the different social pressures or psychological rationales for maintaining recovery. Reviews of the literature are not merely described but also critiqued. The field itself receives criticism for its reluctance to employ or replicate promising therapies (e.g., disulfiram for cocaine abusers who drink, emetic aversive conditioning in cocaine addiction). The spiritual and self-help dimensions of recovery and relapse get some attention. The editors, in selecting chapter authors, have taken a holistic approach in relating relapse and recovery to a wide range of disparate factors: the environment, the variable courses of addiction, available pharmacotherapies, and the criminal justice system. In guiding the authors, the editors underscored the importance of theory to the entire enterprise.