Part 2 encompasses nine chapters. These chapters deal with patterns of mental disturbances, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse, eating disorders, trauma, dissociative disorders, and schizophrenia. In discussing each of these disorders, the chapter authors examine and address cultural aspects of the cognitive processes. Treatment considerations and potential investigative efforts are also discussed, and we are warned about the imposition of Western models of understanding psychopathology on non-Western manifestations and interpretations of psychopathological phenomena. Chapter 5, in particular, offers a very interesting view of anxiety—not as a symptom but as part of a continuum human experience that ranges from normal states to maladaptive conditions. Chapter 6 makes an attempt to identify cognition processes that are used to protect some cultural groups from pathological conditions such as substance abuse and alcoholism.