Furthermore, even if "grossly improper therapeutic practices" (1, p. 754) were not a significant factor in memory recovery, unintended suggestive influences within the study itself may have biased the findings. Participants were asked "if there was a period during which they ‘did not remember that this [traumatic] experience happened’" (p. 751). With this question alone, the actuality of the traumatic experience was inherently validated by the investigators, and the experience of not remembering it was implicitly suggested. The fact that participants were recruited from a unit specializing in the treatment of posttraumatic and dissociative disorders could mean that suggestive influences and affiliative needs swayed group answers (3, p. 58). Questions about the "circumstances of first recovered memory" (1, p. 751) may have elicited autosuggestive responses. There apparently were no control questions or conditions. Ordinarily, patients might be confused about whether their recall of early traumatic experience is veridical (2, 4), yet the report does not indicate if participants ever had any doubt whether the events of the recovered memories actually occurred as remembered.