The procedures had limited success in retaining subjects for treatment. Four subjects completed treatment and the 1-month follow-up, six did not complete treatment, and one completed all three treatment sessions but did not return at follow-up. Of the 33 total sessions (three sessions and 11 subjects), in 12% the intensity of the cravings increased, in 40% the cravings decreased, and in 48% no change was seen. Perceived control over the cravings was generally strengthened after each session. Of the four patients who completed treatment, cocaine use decreased for two, remained the same for one, and increased for one.