In the first section, Joseph Coyle’s chapter on neuroscience and Steven Hyman’s on genetics and molecular biology are marvelous summaries of exciting research advances occurring in both of these areas. Psychiatrists not particularly well versed in these topics should find both of these chapters to be quite illuminating. Dr. Weissman provides a wonderful overview of developments in psychoanalysis and psychiatric diagnosis in two separate chapters. His chapter on psychoanalysis summarizes various models of the mind and also presents core psychoanalytic concepts that he feels will influence the practice of psychotherapy in the new millennium. In his other chapter, Dr. Weissman discusses both the strengths and weaknesses of the DSM nomenclature system, stating that additional axes should be included that address motivation and biological factors. Joseph Flaherty and Boris Astrachan, both noted community psychiatrists, discuss how social psychiatry may play an important role in addressing such issues as violence, substance abuse, and diminished family relationships. Daniel Offer, who has co-authored several books with Dr. Sabshin on normality, provides a scholarly overview of why the study of normality by psychiatrists will be important in the future. To end this section, Lois Flaherty reviews the growth of psychiatry as a specialty and how developments in the neurosciences and psychopharmacology have affected its development.