To the Editor: We read with interest the article by Jill M. Goldstein, Ph.D., et al. (1) about sex differences in neuropsychological functions in patients with schizophrenia, but we think their methodology was seriously flawed. Although the authors argued that their study was specifically designed to examine sex differences, they did not match patients and healthy comparison subjects pairwise with regard to relevant demographic characteristics such as gender, age, and education. In a recent study (2), our group also focused on gender differences in neuropsychological functions in schizophrenia by individually matching male and female patients with schizophrenia to healthy comparison subjects with regard to age, gender, and education. We showed that education has by far the highest impact on neuropsychological functioning, especially on verbal intelligence and language, spatial organization, verbal memory and learning, and abstraction-flexibility as measured by the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. In the study group investigated by Dr. Goldstein et al., male patients with schizophrenia had significantly less education than male comparison subjects (12.9 versus 14.8 years; t=–2.6, df=28, p<0.02), whereas female patients with schizophrenia did not differ from their female comparison subjects with regard to education. Given this difference as well as the differences in reading test scores, spelling test scores, and estimated IQs—all to the disadvantage of male patients with schizophrenia—the most likely explanation of Dr. Goldstein and colleagues’ findings is that the poorer performance of men with schizophrenia is due to differences in education and IQ.