However, even granting the (ahistorical) argument that Freud was an inadequate researcher, Drs. Lynn and Vaillant could, from this vantage point, evaluate the status of current research into the utility of psychoanalytic techniques. However, to do so, they would have to mention the studies of Freud’s recommendations conducted since Freud’s time, for if his recommendations have been adequately tested since he outlined them, the fact that Freud himself did not test them seems hardly relevant. Instead, they hint, inappropriately, that the techniques he recommended never have been substantiated by concluding that they "deserve to be scientifically tested." Or they imply that Freud’s theories have been disproven, noting that "Freud’s recommendations to maintain an uncontaminated transference through anonymity have by no means been unanimously endorsed by subsequent contributors." They do not cite a single study or current theorization of Freud’s psychoanalytic techniques—in spite of the fact that an extremely cursory review of the literature from 1997 alone locates three articles on anonymity in analysis. In short, they do not allow their study of Freud to contribute to or improve our understanding of psychoanalytic technique or psychotherapy research.