In the matter of the determination of a defendant’s capacity to form the requisite intent to commit an offense, expert witnesses generally cannot offer testimony that will alter the outcome of a trial. During the 1960s and 1970s, high court decisions moved to ameliorate the M’Naughten Rule, with its narrow definition of legal insanity, in favor of more liberal standards set down in the American Law Institute Model Penal Code (p. 355). The effect was to equate diminished capacity with diminished responsibility. There was a legislative and judicial backlash after the assassination attempt on President Reagan and the killing of San Francisco’s mayor and one of its supervisors. Legislation and court decisions have subsequently reversed the trend. As a result, psychiatrists and psychologists can demonstrate that, because of mental illness, a defendant was incapable of appreciating the wrongfulness of his or her behavior but not that, because of inability to form intent, the crime was not as charged.