As an outspoken advocate for the mentally ill and a clinical scientist unafraid to test novel hypotheses, Dr. Torrey is no stranger to controversy. In the later pages of his book he takes on the controversial question of whether our involuntary commitment laws have enough teeth to meet the needs of the mentally ill and of society. He argues for reinstituting a "need-for-treatment" criterion in state commitment laws, for modifying the standard of proof required by courts for commitment, and for interstate reciprocity of commitment and other safeguards to ensure that the seriously mentally ill who refuse treatment get the medical attention they need. To further such goals, he believes that we should "divorce mental illness from mental health" by merging severe mental illnesses, or brain disorders as many prefer to call them (e.g., schizophrenia, manic depression, autism, and severe forms of depression, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder), with neurological illnesses (multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s). For example, research on mental illnesses would be carried out by a National Brain Research Institute instead of a National Institute of Mental Health, and commitment laws for the mentally ill would more closely mirror the laws that exist for neurological illness.