According to the authors’ data, during the hyperventilation test, the "nonpanicker" panic disorder patients breathed with the lowest tidal volume. (The highest tidal volume belonged to the "panickers"; comparison subjects had medium values.) The difference between the data increases markedly if we consider the problem of respiratory dead space and alveolar ventilation. Estimating the alveolar ventilation of the subjects by using an average value of respiratory dead space (140 ml–150 ml), we found that while the alveolar ventilation of nonpanicker patients increased slightly (it almost remained stable), in the two other groups, the increase in alveolar ventilation was remarkable, especially among panickers. The patients can also be divided into two sets concerning alveolar ventilation: those who change their alveolar ventilation less, or more, than the comparison subjects. The group of nonpanicker patients contained not only those who did not really hyperventilate but also those whose panic attacks did not have any connection with the hyperventilation syndrome. We can assume that the difference between the "panters" and the patients who really hyperventilated would be more obvious if the subjects had not been encouraged to maintain a respiratory rate of 30 breaths per minute. Most likely, the "panters" would have increased their respiratory rate to over 30 breaths per minute so as to be more similar to the panting we observed in a large group of panic disorder patients.