Recently, we published a meta-analysis that included 106 short-term outcome studies of 5,011 patients with panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (R4115512BCFBBIHF). In this meta-analysis, the efficacy of psychopharmacological, cognitive behavioral, and combination treatments was compared. According to this study, for agoraphobic avoidance, the combination of antidepressants with exposure in vivo was significantly more effective (mean Cohen’s d=2.47, SD=0.82) than all other treatments evaluated (high-potency benzodiazepines: mean d=1.00, SD=0.59; antidepressants: mean d=1.02, SD=0.44; psychological panic management: mean d=0.91, SD=0.54; exposure in vivo: mean d=1.38, SD=0.84; the combination of psychological panic management with exposure in vivo: mean d=1.22, SD=0.60). With regard to panic, exposure in vivo alone was not effective. When the various treatment conditions were compared, no differences concerning panic attacks were found.