These outlooks and solutions gave incredible, often unchecked, power to the administrators and professionals involved with these alleged born criminals. Often a person could be committed to an institution for "hereditary defectives" without anything resembling due process. The person may have been convicted of no crime but seen as a "defective delinquent" and sent to an institution, possibly for life. Alternatively, a prison might house a person who, deemed a "defective delinquent," was then sent to an institution designed for "hopeless incurables." The prisoner’s sentence, in effect, was changed to a possible life sentence. In the United States, sterilization was practiced on such people into the 1960s. In fact, in the 1960s I worked at a state mental hospital where I gave an IQ test to a 14-year-old African American youth. He scored at or near the normal range of intelligence when I tested him. His records, however, showed that, years earlier, he had scored in the mentally retarded range and consequently had been sterilized.