She was uniformly described as short in stature (at 4 feet, 10 inches) and tall in creativity, intellect, and character. Her many teachers, colleagues, students, patients, and analysands have attested to her extraordinary capacity to listen and empathize. She was always open and interested in exchanging ideas, and while forthright in her views she could alter them in response to new observations or to better theoretical framings of those observations. Over the course of her work at Chestnut Lodge, for example, Frieda moved from an initial position of seeing the patient as a victim of negative early experiences to a more balanced view that factored in the patient's contribution and responsibility. Ultimately, she regarded our patients as our teachers.