0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Brief Reports   |    
Effect of imipramine on mood and enumerative measures of immune status in depressed patients with HIV illness
Am J Psychiatry 1994;151:516-523.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The authors' first objective was to ascertain whether imipramine is superior to placebo in treating axis I depressive disorders in the context of HIV illness. Supplementary questions were whether severity of immunodeficiency is associated with antidepressant response and whether patients with greater immunodeficiency can tolerate standard doses of imipramine. Second, the authors sought to determine whether imipramine treatment is associated with changes in immune status. METHOD: A double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial of imipramine was conducted in a university-affiliated research outpatient clinic. After 6 weeks of treatment, responders were maintained double-blind for another 6 weeks and nonresponders were removed from the study and treated openly. All patients were offered 26 weeks of treatment. Of the 97 patients who were randomly assigned to placebo or imipramine, 80 completed the 6-week phase. Main outcome measures included the Clinical Global Impression, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Brief Symptom Inventory, and CD4 cell count. RESULTS: Among study completers, 31 (39%) had AIDS. The response rate to imipramine was 74% and the response rate to placebo was 26%. There was no difference in depression response between patients with more or less severe immunodeficiency, nor was there a difference in medication dose or side effects. Neither type nor duration of treatment influenced CD4 cell count during the course of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Depressed patients with HIV illness respond to imipramine at the same rate as medically healthy depressed patients. Severity of immunosuppression is not associated with imipramine treatment outcome. There is no evidence that imipramine has negative effects on enumerative measures of immune status.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 83

Related Content
Articles
Books
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 12.  >
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 9.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 11.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 12.  >
APA Practice Guidelines > Chapter 0.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles