A depressive type of personality disorder has been described by both
German phenomenologists and psychoanalysts and has been used by clinicians
for years. Although this personality type has been included in standard
international nosologic systems (ICD-9), it has never been recognized in
DSM. This literature review identifies and explores the issues relevant to
the possible inclusion of such a category--an axis II personality disorder
linked to axis I depressive disorder--in the upcoming DSM-IV.