The authors gave DSM-III diagnoses to 116 Chinese psychiatric
outpatients in Shanghai and compared them with the diagnoses of the same
patients made by a Chinese psychiatrist according to Chinese criteria.
Affective disorders were the most common DSM-III diagnoses, accounting for
26.7% of the sample. A full range of psychopathology, including
schizophrenia, organic mental disorders, adjustment disorders, anxiety
disorders, and paranoid disorders, was seen. Some consistent differences in
diagnosis by Chinese and Western standards, especially in the area of major
depression, were found. The authors discuss the implications for
interpreting psychiatric studies from China and for future cross-cultural
research comparing U.S. and Chinese diagnoses.