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Brief Reports   |    
Prevention of acute dystonic reactions in patients beginning high- potency neuroleptics [published erratum appears in Am J Psychiatry 1986 Sep;143(9):1204]
Am J Psychiatry 1986;143:706-710.
An erratum to this article has been published | view the erratum
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Abstract

The authors performed a prospective double-blind study of 39 inpatients beginning high-potency neuroleptics. Patients were randomly assigned to a 7-day course of benztropine or placebo in addition to a neuroleptic. Of 17 patients receiving placebo, eight (47%) suffered an acute dystonic reaction; of 22 patients receiving benztropine, none suffered this reaction--a highly significant difference. The authors also found minimal anticholinergic toxicity attributable to the addition of benztropine to the neuroleptic regimen. These results suggest that an initial 7-day prophylaxis with benztropine is a high-benefit, low-risk adjunctive treatment to neuroleptic therapy.

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