The authors describe the use of a 4-point rating scale for DSM-III axis
II categories in a hospital-based outpatient clinic. Fifty-one percent of
the sample met the criteria for one or more DSM-III personality disorders.
This increased to 88% when the sample also included patients rated as
having "some traits" or "almost meets DSM-III criteria." Frequency
distributions were obtained for each of the 11 personality disorders, and a
factor analysis was derived that was similar to the groupings described in