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Transient situational disturbances: course and outcome
Am J Psychiatry 1978;135:660-663.
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Abstract

The validity and usefulness of the diagnostic category transient situational disturbance were evaluated by studying the course and outcome for 2,078 hospitalized naval personnel. The condition was found to be less severe and disabling than other major psychiatric disorders in terms of chronicity, length of hospitalization, and disposition. Outcomes in terms of rehospitalization rates and work effectiveness also were relatively favorable. Based on three or more years of follow- up, a substantial proportion of patients originally diagnosed as having a transient situational disturbance subsequently manifested personality disorder problems. The results suggest that clearer criteria are needed to define situational disturbances operationally and to identify patients with underlying personality disorders.

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