The author presents an historical overview of the various attitudes
toward animal and human experimentation. He cites advocates (Bacon, Welch)
and opponents (Johnson, Shaw) and traces the debate from the Graeco-Roman
era, through the rise of the scientific establishment, to the present.
Controversy over the fundamental rights of individual research subjects
versus a future-oriented freedom of inquiry has been and continues to be a
dilemma for clinicians and research scientists.