The authors examined the questions of sex-related countertransference
and bias in psychotherapy by asking 65 male and 57 female experienced group
therapists for clinical reactions to case materials of a bogus outpatient
who was designated either male or female. They found that varying the
patient's gender produced only small differences in the therapists'
responses, and conclude that sex-related countertransference problems may
not be as prevalent as had been previously thought.