0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
PSYCHIATRIC FINDINGS OF THE STIRLING COUNTY STUDY
D. C. LEIGHTON; J. S. HARDING; D. B. MACKLIN; C. C. HUGHES; A. H. LEIGHTON
Am J Psychiatry 1963;119:1021-1026.
View Author and Article Information

Dept. of Psychiatry of New York Hospital (Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic) and Cornell University Medical College, and Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology of the College of Arts and Sciences.

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

1. As in Manhattan the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in the general population of this rural area is higher than one might expect, with only 17% of adults free of all symptoms of psychiatric significance. About a third of the population shows significant impairment from psychiatric disorder, while twenty-plus percent stand in need of some sort of psychiatric attention.2. The amount of disorder differs with the biologic variables of age and sex. Except in the disintegrated communities, women tend to show more psychiatric disorder than men though the proportion with significant impairment is approximately the same. Older people tend to show more than younger people until they reach 70 years or so.3. Considering the 1010 county survey respondents as a whole, our indicator of social class showed what has been found in other studies, namely that better mental health is associated with higher social class. This relationship could not be demonstrated, however, in the largest town in the county.4. Intensive studies of communities that are polar with respect to level of social integration showed a far stronger association of better mental health with higher level of integration than with higher social class within these communities.5. It is not poverty or limited education or lower class status, per Se, that makes the difference to mental health, but rather a whole group of factors that tend to be associated with these and that create a social environment that lacks features that are vitally important to mental health. To improve mental health, economic resources must be mobilized up to a point, education must be provided up to a point, but this will not be enough unless these factors bring with them the other environmental forces which add up to giving the individual the feeling that he is a worthwhile member of a worthwhile group.Something like this is probably the most important contribution of such endeavors as Hull House or the Peckham Experiment, which by various means served to re-integrate the social environment for many of their patrons.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 103

Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Psychiatry, 4th Edition > Chapter 8.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Psychiatry, 4th Edition > Chapter 8.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 33.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Psychiatry, 4th Edition > Chapter 2.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Psychiatry, 4th Edition > Chapter 8.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles