1. Seventy-three patients who had sanity hearings were evaluated with reference to general historical data and social adjustment.2. Of these 73, 26 were released by the court; 44% of these made a satisfactory adjustment. The remainder were remanded to the hospital; 10 were eventually discharged and 30% made a satisfactory adjustment; 12 eloped and 42% of these made a satisfactory adjustment.3. Comparisons are made for criteria differentiating these groups and an attempt is made to relate these findings to other studies.4. The present results are also discussed in the context of court and hospital functioning.