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AGGRESSION, GUILT AND CATAPLEXY
MAX LEVIN
Am J Psychiatry 1959;116:133-136.
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The Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, the New York Medical College, Flower and Fifth Avenue Hospitals, New York, N. Y.

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Abstract

Cataplexy may be evoked by impulses of aggression associated with guilt. The aggression may be naked and undisguised, as in hunting and fishing, and in boxing, where the object is to hurt and paralyse one's opponent. Or it may be symbolic, as in those sports where the object is to defeat the opponent, not to hurt him. Finally, it may only be that benign aggression that is expressed in practical jokes and some kinds of play. Cataplexy, in all these cases, is a manifestation of conditioned inhibition, a response to the guilt that attends aggression even when it is only unconscious.

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PubMed Articles
Aggression, guilt, and cataplexy. AMA Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1953;69(2):224-35.
Aggression, guilt and cataplexy. Am J Psychiatry 1959;116():133-6.