0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
VERIFICATION OF THE RORSCHACH ALPHA DIAGNOSTIC FORMULA FOR UNDERACTIVE SCHIZOPHRENICS
ZYGMUNT A. PIOTROWSKI; DOROTHY A. BERG
Am J Psychiatry 1955;112:443-450.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

1. The 1950 perceptanalytic alpha formula designed to aid in the differentiation between psychosis and neurosis(8) was tested on a new group of 145 patients, 100 schizophrenics, and 45 neurotics. All patients were followed for at least 3 years and were rediagnosed by Nolan D. C. Lewis. Their condition at the end of the 3-year period subsequent to the original Rorschach examination was evaluated in terms of improved, essentially unchanged, and worse.2. An alpha formula score of 3 points or more indicates a mental condition more serious than a mere psychoneurosis, i. e., a schizophrenia, a manic-depressive psychosis, or intracranial pathology. If the alpha score is less than 3 points, a diagnosis of psychoneurosis indicated. The 1950 formula (Table 2) agreed with the independently made clinical psychiatric follow-up diagnoses in 83% of the 145 cases. The formula was as accurate in the diagnosis of schizophrenia as of neurosis provided both technical Rorschach requirements were met: ∑c≥∑C and W 7. If only one requirement was met, high alpha scores retained their validity but low scores were not valid. The validity of the formula in its present stage may depend upon the patient's intelligence; an IQ of at least 100 may be a necessary condition.3. The formula grew out of the theoretical assumption (1) that in neurotics potential energy output is proportionate to their energy control in psychosocial situations, i. e., in the social interactions between the individual and others; and ( 2) that in cases more serious than a mere neurosis there is a disproportion between the patient's energy control and his potential energy output in social interactions. High alpha scores are not incompatible with the presence of neurotic symptoms. Schizophrenics as well as organic cerebral cases may have neurotic difficulties in addition to personality weaknesses specifically contingent upon schizophrenia or intracranial pathology.4. The alpha formula may be the beginning of one of several possible laboratory tests for schizophrenia.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 15

Related Content
Articles
Books
Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments > Chapter 6.  >
Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments > Chapter 24.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 7.  >
APA Practice Guidelines > Chapter 0.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 50.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines