l. Twenty-four patients with vertebral fractures occurring during the course of convulsive therapy were studied approximately 10 years after the initial lesion.2. Four patients complain of occasional mild, nondisabling backaches. The rest are symptom-free.3. In no case is there clinical evidence of orthopedic or neurological sequelæ to the original injury.4. In 3 cases x-ray findings indicate an increase in the original pathology involving the thoracic vertebræ.5. Patients with vertebral fractures tolerate subsequent convulsive therapy satisfactorily.6. No curare was used either in the original or subsequent convulsive therapy.