I believe that psychiatry's mission will expand beyond reducing symptoms in people with mental illness. We will aim higher. The goal will be not just to improve psychopathology but also to help our patients grow, flourish, develop, and be more satisfied with their lives. That is positive psychiatry. Positive because it focuses on enhancing personal well-being through the use of positive psychosocial factors, such as resilience, optimism, wisdom, and social engagement. These positive psychosocial factors have an impact not only on mental health but also on physical health. Numerous studies have shown that resilience, optimism, and social engagement are associated not just with better emotional functioning but also increases in longevity and better physical and cognitive functioning. I believe that psychiatry is the most appropriate of all the medical specialties to promote these positive traits in people with mental illnesses as well as in those with physical illnesses. More than any other medical specialty, psychiatry focuses on interventions aimed at behavior change. Our psychotherapies will, therefore, come to incorporate these positive psychological traits for people with or without mental illness. Preventive psychiatry will not be an oxymoron.